A previous withdrawal agreement – reached between former Prime Minister Theresa May and the EU – has been rejected three times by MPs. In BBC Newsnight, Grieve said May had to respect the “assurances” given to her that Parliament would have more say in any final Brexit deal.   There was a disagreement between the Conservatives on what had been agreed, and Anna Soubry, MP, said: “The Prime Minister said yesterday that clause c of Dominic Grieve`s amendment would be discussed as part of the new amendment to be tabled in the Lords”, and Stephen Hammond. wrote: “Parliament must be able to participate in a no deal situation, and we have said this very strongly to the government today. The government has recognized this point, and I am waiting for a new amendment to cover this situation.  On the voting lists, it appears that @UKLabour #shadowcabinet members @IanLaveryMP and @jon_trickett did not vote on Bill #brexit the party formally rejected when the bill returned to the House of Commons on June 20, the government offered new concessions. The concessions meant that the government won by 319 votes to 303: a majority of 16   at the end of March 2019, the government had not won any of the major votes. This resulted in a series of non-binding “indicative votes” on possible options for Brexit and the delay in the withdrawal date. The third vote on the withdrawal agreement took place on 29 March 2019.
 May has promised to resign as Prime Minister if the withdrawal agreement is adopted.  In the end, May`s agreement was again rejected, but with a lead lower than the previous two votes.  On October 21, the government issued the withdrawal agreement and proposed three days of debate for opposition members to review it.  The government introduced the recently revised EU Withdrawal Act in the House of Commons for debate on the evening of 22 October 2019.  MEPs voted in favour of a second reading, adopted by 329 votes to 299, and the timetable for debate on the law, which was rejected by 322 votes to 308. Prior to the vote, Johnson had said that he would abandon attempts to pass the agreement and would seek to hold parliamentary elections if his timetable did not generate the necessary support for its adoption by Parliament. After the vote, Mr Johnson announced that the law would be overturned while he held talks with other EU leaders.   On September 3, Oliver Letwin submitted a request for an emergency debate on this bill, pursuant to Permanent Order 24. This proposal, to allow the debate for the next day, was adopted at 328 against 301.
  21 Conservative MPs voted in favour of the motion, then were removed from the Conservative whip and rejected for future elections, as Johnson had threatened him in advance. The 21 MPs were Guto Bebb, Richard Benyon, Steve Brine, Alastair Burt, Greg Clark, Ken Clarke, David Gauke, Justine Greening, Dominic Grieve, Sam Gyimah, Phillip Hammond, Stephen Hammond, Richard Harrington, Margot James, Letwin, Anne Milton, Caroline Nokes, Antoinette Sandbach, Nicholas Sosame, Rory Stewart and Ed Vaizey. With Phillip Lee`s departure to the Liberal Democrats the day before, this gave the opposition a 43-seat majority over the government. According to the motion of 27 February, the defeat of the second significant vote means that the government must immediately submit a request to withdraw from the European Union without a withdrawal agreement. The request, which blocked a Brexit without a deal, was made on 13 March.   Two amendments to the proposal were put to a vote: the first, tabled by Caroline Spelman and which in no way categorically rejected the non-deal, was adopted in 312-308; The second, the “Malthouse Compromise”, Asa Bennett of the Telegraph, tweeted some pictures of the Prime Minister signing copies of the withdrawal agreement for MPs: in a heady Westminster Parliamentary Congress, the eight votes were held simultaneously using ballot papers rather than MPs walking around the lobbies to choose their vote.