This work includes analysing the latest trends and key emerging issues of the IIA, strengthening the capacity of developing countries to negotiate and implement investment agreements that can foster sustainable investment, and establishing a platform for universal, inclusive and transparent stakeholder engagement on these issues. UNCTAD has also been at the forefront of efforts to reform the international investment regime and has provided valuable support to this process. While the themes are different in response to current developments, an AI expenditure note annually reports on the number of known ISDS cases based on contracts submitted in the previous year, and an exit note examines the latest policy developments in the IGE regime. UNCTAD`s work in this area is based on the Sustainable Development Investment Policy Framework (2015). IiA Issues Notes are short online publications that illustrate a topical law and policy issue in reference II-A. They offer a practical and political debate on a subject and aim to facilitate debate and exchange of views between AI actors. IIA issue notes are forward-looking; they define the agenda for future research and policy development.