The agreement inserts a new council of government that joins both civilians and generals to pave the way for elections and civilian domination. Sudan`s interim government and several rebel groups have signed a peace agreement aimed at resolving years of wars that have left hundreds of thousands dead and millions displaced in different parts of the country. The agreement between the government and the Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF), an alliance of rebel groups, was signed at a ceremony in Juba, the capital of neighbouring South Sudan. When the members of the Security Council spoke, many welcomed the peace agreements, some of which described them as historic and in accordance with the principle of “African solutions to African problems”. Speakers also agreed with the audience`s concerns about the escalation of humanitarian needs, particularly growing food insecurity, and called for unwavering international support. Several delegates welcomed the creation of the new special political mission, but stressed that recent spikes in inter-communal violence, outlined by postal workers, should not change the situation significantly and should not lead UNAMID to end the dismantling. KHARTOUM – Sudan`s interim government on Monday signed a historic peace agreement with the Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF), a coalition of rebel groups from the Darfur, South Kordofan and Blue Nile regions. The ceremony took place in Juba, the South Sudanese capital. “Even without the agreement, we should work in that direction because it is in the interest of the country,” he added. “That`s why we need to implement the agreement, stick to it and support it.” The peace agreement covers a number of sensitive issues, ranging from land ownership, reparations and compensation to prosperity, power-sharing and the return of refugees and internally displaced persons. She recalled that the government recently declared a state of economic emergency following a depreciation of the Sudanese pound. The announcement followed months of rising inflation, rising exchange rates and a shortage of basic foodstuffs. Meanwhile, economic frustration continues to grow, as evidenced by the upsurge in protests across the country, she said.
Despite these challenges, the transitional government has advanced important reforms, including the abolition of fuel subsidies, as part of an agreement with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to reconcile the debt. She called on the partners to respect their commitments and address any obstacles to Sudan`s full integration into the international economic community and welcomed recent progress in removing the country from the list of U.S.-managed government sponsorships of terrorism. The guarantors of the agreement of Chad, Qatar, Egypt, the African Union, the European Union and the United Nations also welcomed the agreement. The agreement was reached after nearly a year of peace talks. Anna M. EVSTIGNEEVA (Russian Federation) hailed the basic peace agreement as a historic development, in line with the concept of “African solutions to African problems”.