A 20% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 compared to 2010, with the longer-term goal of reducing emissions by 50% by 2050. These targets will cost $3.7 billion for 2015-2030 and $6.0 billion in 2030. This commitment depends on favourable international climate funding. Equatorial Guinea INDC. A 9.8% reduction from 1990 to 2030 levels. Serbia also included a section on losses and damage – extreme weather and weather have cost the country $5 billion since 2000. The adaptation measures implemented between 2000 and 2015 would have cost about $68 million, it added. This is INDC. Keywords: Indonesia, Ratificat, 2015 Paris Agreement, standard, climate change. Since a severe forest and peat fire broke out in Indonesia in 2015, the country has come under intense pressure for more sustainable land use management.
Indeed, 65% of Indonesia`s unconditional emission reduction is based on land use, forestry and other land use (AFOLU) and peat management efforts, showing that land-based activities still account for most of the emission reduction potential. An unconditional 20% reduction in emissions by 2030 compared to practice. A 30% reduction is conditional on the provision of international funds. This would represent a 22% increase over 2010 emissions. Contains the adjustment section. Peru`s position on the Paris agreement is also set out. The INDC of Peru. The agreement requires at least 55 countries, which account for at least 55% of total greenhouse gas emissions, to ratify it before entering into force. The 2015 Paris Agreement obliges all participating countries to lower the level of Emissons. Indonesia, as a non-Annex I, has accepted the standards of the 2015 Paris Agreement by ratifying it. Meanwhile, Indonesia`s emissions continue to rise due to the world`s highest rate of deforestation and forest degradation in Indonesia. This study aims to analyze Indonesian policy when ratifying the agreement using the perspective of constructivism to explain the international regime and the concept of influence of the Finnemore and sikkink standards.