Many commercial and construction disputes are sorted in Australia. The dispute settlement clauses of the Australian Disputes Centre are regularly used in commercial contracts throughout Australia. ADC`s internal arbitration clause and ADC arbitration guidelines are available free of charge on this website. A maritime strike in 1890 led to the introduction of the Trades Dispute and Arbitration Act 1892 (NSW) in 1892.  This Act provided for the first non-common arbitration system the law for disputes between employers and workers. The new law required the agreement of the employer and workers to engage in conciliation or conciliation. However, a decline in the labour market resulted in employers not being willing to accept arbitration, and Patmore  indicates that only two out of 22 cases were resolved under this Act. Unions felt that the legislation was ineffective in bringing employers to the bargaining table. In the international arena, arbitration can be particularly effective, as there may be difficulties in arguing in a jurisdiction acceptable to all parties to a contract. With regard to international commercial disputes, arbitration is particularly useful because it allows for the impartial balancing of cross-border transactions by neutral and third arbitrators and a neutral legal system chosen by the parties. An arbitral award in international arbitration is enforceable under the New York Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitration Awards in any state that has signed the Ny Convention and gives it a broader and more effective scope than most court decisions. The failure of the current systems has led the New South Wales government to put in place a new way to deal with labour disputes.
Labour disputes should now be resolved by a simple judicial procedure and not by voluntary conciliation or by wage boards. The Court of Arbitration was established under the Industrial Arbitration Act of 1901 (NSW), which came into force on December 10, 1901. Some procedural issues had to be respected before the court could formally sit. After that, the court sat for the first time on May 16, 1902.  The court was a recording court. The tribunal was formed by a president and two members. One member should be an employer representative and the other a worker`s representative. The president was to be a judge of the Supreme Court of New South Wales. The first President of the Court was the Honourable Justice Henry Cohen.  The Australian Centre for International Commercial Arbitration has formulated its own international arbitration rules that can be referred to in each contract.
A standard arbitration clause recommended by ACICA is available free of charge on the site. Arbitration is a procedure in which litigants advance arguments and evidence to a dispute resolution practitioner (the arbitrator) who makes a decision. The procedure is private and can be treated confidentially subject to the agreement of the parties. Arbitration offers a flexible and effective means of resolving disputes in Switzerland and abroad. The decision of the Court of Arbitration is final and binding. The sentence is enforceable. The Court of Arbitration was the first court in New South Wales, a state in Australia that, at the beginning of the 20th century, dealt exclusively with labour disputes. Justice Lance Wright said it may have been the first court of its kind in the world.  The tribunal was unique at the time, as it was the first court of its kind to deal with labour relations between the employer and the workers.  Previous arbitrations between the employer and the worker had been made on a voluntary basis or had been pursued within the criminal justice system through the application of criminal sanctions.