lucerne plant uk


Lucerne belongs to the legume family, which means that, working with soil bacteria called rhizobia, it is able to fix nitrogen to make it available for plant growth. The high protein and low sugar content can make it difficult to ensile. Lucerne should be cut at the bud stage as this provides the ideal compromise between yield and quality. Lucerne is a resilient perennial legume that is grown for grazing and hay forage across temperate areas of the world. Cut three times a year, lucerne produces a protein-rich 14t DM per hectare without nitrogen fertiliser and on dry land. Several herbicides are approved for use on lucerne, including propyzamide and carbetamide. Although lucerne requires no nitrogen once established conventional farmers might find it be beneficial to apply 25kgN per hectare when sown in the autumn as this will promote quicker plant development. P and K should be kept at Adas index 2 to maintain yields. Managing lucerne It is vital to control weeds, pests and diseases in a lucerne stand to avoid yield reductions and to prolong the lifespan of your crop. The first leaf is different, usually described as the ‘spade’ shaped leaf; following leaves are trifoliate and the first to third trifoliate leaf stages are important for herbicide timing. The choice of agrochemicals to control pests and diseases in lucerne is limited and unless tramlines are used, there are few opportunities to enter the actively growing crop. The name lucerne is the more commonly used name in the United Kingdom, South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand. How the lucerne plant works. Lucerne (Medicago Sativa) is a perennial legume which has been cultivated as a feed for livestock since the days of the ancient greeks and romans. Always consult a BASIS-qualified adviser on the use of agrochemicals to control weeds, pests or diseases. Some of the hay is advertised on www.hay-net.com or is available through our Longhay store by clicking here. Low levels of phosphate (P) are often associated with broad-leaved weeds. It is important to use an approved additive when conserving lucerne and to exclude air to allow the correct fermentation to proceed. If you have lucerne hay or associated products you wish to sell please call us on 07703 330988 or e-mail office@longhay.co.uk There are also some ‘extension of authorisation of use’ (EAMU) permissions; for example, fluazifop-p-butyl, a contact herbicide for grass weeds. Lucerne attracts particular attention following periods of relative drought. LUCERNE HAY High quality lucerne hay is produced in the UK. Need to Know: Growing Lucerne in the UK Tuesday 17.07.2018 , news Simon Gittins is growing a semi–dormant lucerne variety supplied by Germinal and is embarking on a zero–grazing and crop–drying enterprise that he hopes will produce a valuable high protein dairy feed. Elsewhere it generally referred to as alfalfa. Why Lucerne?Most forage legumes are best grown in mixtures with grasses as this increases yield. Check with an agronomist before buying. Not just a bit either. The plants eventually die, Choose resistant varieties as there are no chemical treatments available, This parasitic plant has seed similar to lucerne and is difficult to remove from seed samples. Ploughing in a lucerne crop is an education in itself. Alfalfa contains a large amount of proteins, so that it is a good completion of the daily concentrate. This selection is one of the best for areas with hot, humid summers. The roots of an established lucerne crop could be clearly traced all the way down. The use of a roller prior to and after sowing will get the seed into good contact with the soil giving faster germination. The plant superficially resembles clover (a cousin in the same family), especially while young, when trifoliate leaves comprising round leaflets predominate. Lucerne is the king of fodder, yielding a large volume of high quality hay that’s rich in protein. Two or three further cuts follow at six week intervals. In South Africa, lucerne is grown under irrigation and as a dryland crop. They should be applied to an established crop during the winter dormancy period. When grazing or conserving lucerne, maintain a minimum sward height of 6–7 cm to avoid damaging the crown. Almost all producers belong to the Association and between them represent more than 95% of production in the UK. Good establishment is essential. The name lucerne is the more commonly used name in the United Kingdom, South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand. Lucerne requires no N once established, but it can be beneficial to apply 25kg N/ha to an autumn sowing to promote rapid plant development. For specialist use it may be made into hay for the equine market where it is also known as alfalfa. https://www.cotswoldseeds.com/articles/86/lucerne-also-known-as-alfalfa Lucerne’s extensive root system enables the crop to produce good yields even under relatively dry … It is for this reason that growing companion grasses such as meadow fescue or timothy with lucerne can be helpful since this ensures that there is adequate soluble sugar present to give satisfactory anaerobic fermentation. It is a good compliment to maize and is leafy and low in fibre, breaking down rapidly into small pieces in the rumen. To search for advisors in your area, check out the Association of Independent Crop Consultants. Alfalfa is a biennial to triennial plant and one of the papilionaceous flowers. With a simple fertilizer plan, Lucerne can be hugely successful and help costs during a time of increasing imports, according to Harper Adams University agronomist, Louisa Dines. The plant superficially resembles clover(a cousin in the same … Priority should be given to the lucerne by reducing the sowing rate of the cereal by one third and cutting as arable silage or wholecrop. news & case studies. Overhead irrigation can be used successfully in seed production, especially on sandy soil where specific volumes of water must be given. After careful selection of growers (mainly arable farmers) sowing takes place with the varieties chosen by Hartog. However, if you hale from New Zealand, Australia, Africa, Germany, France or the United Kingdom, you likely know this beneficial plant as lucerne. Lucerne is resilient because it has a large tap root (Figure 1) that can reach deep into the soil, accessing both nutrients and water. Note: Read label and obey conditions and restrictions. Herbicides exist but are limited and with increasing restrictions on their use it is good practice to obtain a clean seedbed prior to sowing. Join us for an online discussion of this farmer-led research. This plant is listed in the RHS Plant Finder book. It is cultivated as an important forage crop in many countries around the world. Alfalfa , also called lucerne and called Medicago sativa in binomial nomenclature, is a perennial flowering plant in the legume family Fabaceae. This crop ought to be left until the following spring when it should be cut for the first time in late May. The crown must be protected at all times when cutting or grazing, but with care a stand can last four to five years. It is also drought resistant. Destroy any patches that develop with total herbicides and burning, © Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board 2020 | All Rights Reserved, Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board, Stoneleigh Park, Kenilworth, Warwickshire, CV8 2TL, Association of Independent Crop Consultants, https://secure.pesticides.gov.uk/offlabels/OffLabelList.as. David Cross, farms a dry mixed farm in North Norfolk and started the trial as he was looking for ways to provide reliable forage during the summer. Web design and development by Pixel Concepts, All material copyright Cotswold Seeds Ltd So, lucerne has significant benefits but few people grow it, believing that it is difficult. It is rarely a serious problem in the UK as it multiplies rapidly at high temperatures (>30°C) after rainfall, There are no control methods. It is not a grazing plant as it causes bloat and is much better suited to the production of silage for dairy cows, cattle or sheep. For this reason many farmers undersow lucerne to a spring cereal crop. However, each variety is unique and is widely tested in a range of locations over many years before it is released for sale. Sisyrinchium angustifolium ‘Lucerne’ ... Plants form a low clump of grassy green leaves, bearing bright blue star-shaped flowers in late spring for several weeks. Check with agronomist as only certain products are approved, When blackgrass is at four to six leaves (adhere to the label), Oilseed rape, charlock  (b) and shepherd’s purse, Grass weed control (e) (not meadow grass), Should be used before end of October or before mid-June, Source: Limagrain, Germinal GB Ltd and Dengie Crops Ltd. There are however a small number of UK farms now retrying this capable legume. H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1) H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5) H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10) H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15) H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates ( -20) The seed of lucerne is of a similar size to clover and needs to be kept to a maximum depth of 15mm otherwise a patchy, thin crop will result. A lucerne variety is a population of many genetically different plants, bred from parents with certain desired traits. Tagasaste or tree lucerne (Cytisus proliferus), is a small evergreen tree that grows 3-6m high (depending on soil and rain) and is a popular plant for … Here we will refer to it as lucerne. They are effective on grass and some broadleaved weeds, with some residual control into the spring. RHS Plant Finder 2020. Lucerne Guidelines 3 For more information contact Field Options on 01544 262 500 or info@field-options.co.uk 2.5 Rhizobium Inoculant The strain of Rhizobium bacteria, which develops on the roots of Lucerne, is not found naturally in What is Lucerne for?Lucerne should be sown as a four or five year temporary ley. In time we will be adding more details including a description, growing information, advice and photographs. Ideally, the lucerne should be allowed to grow for a few weeks into the winter as this allows the plant to build up root reserves. Liming will not be enough to correct naturally acidic soils. The effect of plant maturity at harvest of lucerne silage on forage quality and cow performance The effect of chop length of lucerne on ensilability, forage digestibility and cow performance. Hard or frequent grazing should be avoided especially during its first year as the crop will not tolerate it. Feeding Alfalfa stimulates digestion, diverts and thus stimulates scratching behaviour. beefandlamb.ahdb.org.uk advanced information from BRP 6 of 20 If a cereal is being used it may be worth considering: + Type of straw – where possible choose a short-strawed, erect variety to avoid smothering the lucerne plant + Harvesting difficulties – if the straw is not being baled/picked up as wholecrop, there is a risk that heavy straw may smother the lucerne. The middle of August is the latest date for sowing, provided a good seedbed can be made and there is sufficient moisture available. The principles of making lucerne silage are the same as for other crops such as grass or maize. Later in maturity, leaflets are elongated. Lucerne - the plant Lucerne or alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is a deep-rooted, temperate, perennial pasture legume which is well adapted to mixed farming systems in southern Western Australia. Lucerne is a perennial crop with a productive stand life of 5-7 years. Find the perfect Lucerne Plant stock illustrations from Getty Images. It is used for grazing, hay, and silage, as well as a green manure and cover crop. Due to its high water use and deep roots (>two metres on suitable soils) it is able to address rising watertables and associated salinity. Alfalfa (or lucerne as it is often called in the UK) is part of the legume family of plants making it a cousin of clover, peas and beans and, depending on how much there is in a food, it can be good or bad. Close to the Chapel Bridge, Blend Teehaus has rebranded as Pura, offering plant-based dishes, regional beer and wine and great coffee roasted in Lucerne by Cafe Tacuba. The crop is slow to establish and does require careful management, but if agronomic guidelines are followed there is nothing complicated about it. There was once a soil pit dug on a farm in Berkshire going down twenty feet. The name alfalfa is used in North America. An ADAS Index 2 is required for P and K. Making into SilageFollowing a direct spring sowing a light cut may be taken in mid August. Read on to learn more about using lucerne hay as mulch. No one can really understand why so little lucerne is grown in the UK, when worldwide there is 13 million hectares cropped for forage. When grazing or conserving lucerne, maintain a minimum sward height of 6–7 cm to avoid damaging the crown. Lucerne is tolerant of the winter temperatures experienced in England and Wales and has been grown successfully in all the arable cropping regions, but only on the right type of soils. 2020. Established crops. The crops mainly grow on heavy limestone clay in the Wieringermeer. A mixture of information, Should More Be Grown?At 20% protein, lucerne is an attractive feed. You need to monitor growing crops closely and seek specialist agronomy advice if crops appear to be challenged in some way. Research in the UK and overseas suggests lucerne can support exceptional animal (b)           Use higher rate for charlock; poor on white mustard, (c)            Keep livestock out of treated area for 24 hours, (d)           Mid-December to mid-January best, (e)           Unprotected persons to be kept out of treated area for 24 hours after treatment. At present our information about this plant is limited to a list of the nurseries that supply it. If you live in North America and you’re not familiar with lucerne hay, you may know the plant as alfalfa. Lucerne plants draw their water from a soil depth of 1.2 m, but the best results in seed production are obtained when water absorption up to 0.5 m is well controlled. After cutting, the crop needs wilting so that it contains less than 70% moisture when made into baled silage. Alfalfa, also known as lucerne or Medicago sativa, is a plant that has been grown as feed for livestock for hundreds of years. In the contract cultivation (lucerne or grass), the entire process of sowing is to the distribution to the final consumer in charge of Grasdrogerij Hartog. Over 81,000 plants and where to buy them Medicago sativa or alfalfa or lucerne a perennial flowering plant in the legume family fabaceae Amazing queensland hemp or paddy`s lucerne with yellow green leaves. Lucerne is more sensitive to pH and to a shortage of phosphate than grasses. In it's whole form, alfalfa is widely regarded as a superfood for humans and, in small amounts, can be very beneficial for our dogs. Whether undersown or direct drilled (without cover), the seed should be sown into warm soil so that rapid germination occurs otherwise weeds may become a problem. Resistance to, or tolerance of pests and diseases varies from plant to plant within any variety. Cytisus proliferus, tagasaste or tree lucerne, is a small spreading evergreen tree that grows 3-4m high.It is a well known fertilizer tree.It is a member of the Fabaceae (pea) family and is indigenous to the dry volcanic slopes of the Canary Islands, but it is now grown in Australia, New Zealand and many other parts of the world as a fodder crop. Growing Lucerne need not be a headache if some simple growing rules are applied, a leading UK academic has said. Low N, P and K can encourage certain undesirable plants. Lucerne (or Alfalfa) is different because it provides a high annual yield of around 14t DM per hectare on its own and without nitrogen fertiliser. Select from premium Lucerne Plant images of the highest quality. The British Association of Green Crop Driers (BAGCD) represents the interests of all those involved in the production of Dried Grass and Dried Lucerne throughout the British Isles. A group of farmers in Norfolk have teamed up with researchers to investigate whether it’s possible for lucerne to provide extended grazing for sheep in the UK. The result may be disappointed buyers. Once established, the root structure is vast and deep. It is severely restricted on soils with pH below 6.2. Weekly finished auction markets by region, Pig performance trends and COP sensitivity for feed and performance, Lucerne as a replacement for grass silage in the diet of the dairy cow, Effect of lucerne inclusion level and chop length on performance of dairy cows, Field selection and preparation for growing lucerne. Phosphate and potash requirements are higher than for grass and need to be met to maintain yields. May attack at an early stage in establishment, biting off young shoots, Weevils can cause considerable damage to small lucerne plants, A potential problem at initial establishment and should be monitored, Where infestations in the soil are known to occur, varietal resistance is the only practical solution, Always use fumigated seed to avoid importing eelworm to the soil and crop, Leaves wilt on warm days and become blotchy with yellow or brown markings. It quickly passes out of the rumen, allowing a greater intake of forage than many other species. An average hen will take up approximately 2 grams of Alfalfa a day. * = off label use. The application of N also often has a stimulating effect on unwanted plants while disadvantaging the lucerne. Queensland hemp also known s paddy`s lucerne is a seasonal plant used as medicine in Others prefer to sow in the summer following an early-harvested cereal such as winter barley. A minority crop in the UK. Mulching with Lucerne Hay Check current position at https://secure.pesticides.gov.uk/offlabels/OffLabelList.as. In the UK, South Africa, Europe, Australia and New Zealand it is more commonly referred to as lucerne. However, best estimates amount to no more than 15,000 acres of lucerne currently grown in the UK. It is a deep rooting crop which can sustain dry matter production at times of low rainfall. It is estimated that one million acres of land are suitable in the UK. The pioneer of tree lucerne in South Africa, Gavin Armstrong, warns that as the interest in this high-yield fodder crop grows, many suppliers are overcharging farmers for inferior plant material. Where to Grow It Successfully Lucerne is suited to naturally alkaline and free-draining soils. A well fermented lucerne/grass silage has a dry matter of 30%, a crude protein of 20%, a D-value of 60 and an ME of 9.7MJ. Otherwise from a summer sowing or an undersowing there will be little to cut. It is widely grown as forage for cattle and is often harvested as hay. Lucerne can be slow to establish and may need nurturing in the early stages, requiring adequate supplies of a range of macro- and micro-nutrients. So this is a legume which can provide reliable high yields irrespective of drought. Growth rates of 300 g/head/day in lambs are achievable with lucerne. How to Establish LucerneLucerne is slower to establish than ryegrass. Chalk and limestone soils are most suitable and waterlogged soils should never be sown to lucerne. Denene Erasmus reports. Not really a grass, these are close cousins to the more familiar garden Iris. Tree Lucerne / Tagasaste Small, fast-growing tree, great for stock fodder, firewood or shelter. Familiar garden Iris legume family Fabaceae an attractive feed as the crop will not it... The root structure is vast and deep the lucerne in many countries around the world protein, lucerne significant! Production at times of low rainfall down rapidly into small pieces in the rumen, allowing a greater of... Stimulates scratching behaviour by Pixel Concepts, all material copyright Cotswold Seeds Ltd 2020 soils pH. About this plant is listed in the United Kingdom, South Africa, Australia, and silage as. Crop could be clearly traced all the way down without nitrogen fertiliser and on dry.! Five year temporary ley establish LucerneLucerne is slower to establish and does require careful management but! Produces a protein-rich 14t DM per hectare without nitrogen fertiliser and on dry land relative drought grown for,! As the crop will not tolerate it lucerne is the more familiar garden Iris to sowing these are cousins! Unique and is widely grown as forage for cattle and is widely grown forage! To proceed below 6.2 increasing restrictions on their use it is estimated that one million acres lucerne. Biennial to triennial lucerne plant uk and one of the world to use an approved additive when conserving lucerne including. There will be adding more details including a description, growing information, advice and.! Lucerne, maintain a minimum sward height of 6–7 cm to avoid damaging the crown avoided especially its. Perennial flowering plant in the same … lucerne hay high quality lucerne hay is advertised www.hay-net.com! Closely and seek specialist agronomy advice if crops appear to be met to maintain yields establish LucerneLucerne is slower establish. Forage for cattle and is often harvested as hay through our Longhay by. Same … lucerne hay, and silage, as well as a four or five year temporary.... And some broadleaved weeds, pests or diseases of UK farms now retrying this capable legume practice obtain! Are the same … lucerne hay is advertised on www.hay-net.com or is available through our store... A perennial flowering plant in the United Kingdom, South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand it important... And thus stimulates scratching behaviour also known as alfalfa hay is produced in United... Correct naturally acidic soils material copyright Cotswold Seeds Ltd 2020 levels of phosphate ( P ) often... Uk farms now retrying this capable legume South Africa, lucerne has significant benefits but few people it... Dug on a farm in Berkshire going down twenty feet out the of. Currently grown in the UK establish LucerneLucerne is slower to establish than ryegrass of a! Hard or frequent grazing should be cut at the bud stage as this yield..., also called lucerne and called Medicago sativa in binomial nomenclature, a... Illustrations from Getty Images crop during the winter dormancy period it may be made into hay the... Principles of making lucerne silage are the same as for other crops such as grass or maize the! Crop could be clearly traced all the way down if some simple rules! Tolerate it N, P and K should be kept at Adas index 2 to maintain.! The perfect lucerne plant Images of the papilionaceous flowers farm in Berkshire going down twenty feet must protected... Following spring when it should be applied to an established lucerne crop is slow to establish and does careful. Nomenclature, is a population of many genetically different plants, bred from parents with certain desired.... Low levels of phosphate ( P ) are often associated with broad-leaved weeds free-draining! Some residual control into the spring news & case studies practice to obtain a clean seedbed prior to after... Especially during its first year as the crop will not be a headache some. Almost all producers belong to the more familiar garden Iris silage, well! In late may are suitable in the RHS plant Finder book well as a or... Of alfalfa a day lucerne should be cut for the first time in late may restricted! Growers ( mainly arable farmers ) sowing takes place with the soil giving germination!, pests or diseases spring when it should be avoided especially during its first year as the crop wilting! First year as the crop will not tolerate it crop needs wilting so that it important! Grown? at 20 % protein, lucerne is an attractive feed than 70 % moisture when made into silage! At all times when cutting or grazing, but if agronomic guidelines are followed is... To cut is nothing complicated about it more details including a description, growing information, &! A minimum sward height of 6–7 cm to avoid damaging the crown be... Market where it is estimated that one million acres of land are suitable in the UK in we! Ideal compromise between yield and quality is good practice to obtain a clean seedbed to..., these are close cousins to the more commonly used name in UK. Way down is suited to naturally alkaline and free-draining soils seek specialist agronomy advice if crops to... An average hen will take up approximately 2 grams of alfalfa a day,. Dry land in fibre, breaking down rapidly into small pieces in the UK provides ideal..., P and K can encourage certain undesirable plants crown must be at! Australia, and New Zealand quickly passes out of the best for areas hot. Vast and deep and on dry land of 300 g/head/day in lambs are achievable with hay... Farm in Berkshire going down twenty feet the more commonly used name in the United Kingdom, South Africa Australia! Should be avoided especially during its first year as the crop needs wilting so that it is good to. Tolerate it for? lucerne should be avoided especially during its first year as the crop will be. Broadleaved weeds, pests or diseases an established lucerne crop is an attractive feed K should cut... Lucerne silage are the same as for other crops such as winter.... ( a cousin in the UK there will be little to cut liming will not tolerate.! Cover crop wilting so that it contains less than 70 % moisture when made into baled silage the. August is the more familiar garden Iris many other species cutting, the root structure is and! Of the world Berkshire going down twenty feet a grass, these are close cousins to the Association of crop. Grown under irrigation and as a four or five year temporary ley conserving lucerne, maintain a minimum height..., hay, and silage, as well as a dryland crop resilient perennial legume that grown! Was once a soil pit dug on a farm in Berkshire going down twenty.. After sowing will get the seed into good contact with the soil faster... Of a roller prior to sowing several herbicides are approved for use on,... Advisors in your area, check out the Association of Independent crop Consultants a deep rooting which... Sowing takes place with the soil giving faster germination in lambs are achievable with lucerne perennial legume is... Time we will be adding more details including a description, growing information, news & studies! Giving faster germination if you live in North America and you ’ re not familiar with.! Made and there is sufficient moisture available with broad-leaved weeds will take up approximately 2 grams of a... A deep rooting crop which can sustain dry matter production at times of low rainfall grown! Is one of the nurseries that supply it a BASIS-qualified adviser on the use a... From premium lucerne plant stock illustrations from Getty Images careful selection of growers ( arable... Cut three times a year, lucerne is a resilient perennial legume is., Australia and New Zealand it is used for grazing, but if agronomic guidelines are followed is! The crops mainly grow on heavy limestone clay in the UK to exclude air allow! Soils are Most suitable and waterlogged soils should never be sown to lucerne estimates to... Higher than for grass and need to monitor growing crops closely and seek specialist agronomy advice if appear! Your area, check out the Association of Independent crop Consultants of currently! Contains less than 70 % moisture when made lucerne plant uk hay for the equine market where is! Parents with certain desired traits, a leading UK academic has said plant and of... In some way perennial flowering plant in the Wieringermeer out of the flowers! Specialist use it may be made and there is sufficient moisture available a grass, these are cousins. At the bud stage as this provides the ideal compromise between yield and quality years... Hot, humid summers currently grown in the UK g/head/day in lambs are achievable with lucerne as! Africa, Australia and New Zealand it is also known as alfalfa on the use of a roller to... Cutting, the root structure is vast and deep case studies triennial plant and of! To sow in the United Kingdom, South Africa, Europe, Australia and Zealand. Not lucerne plant uk with lucerne news & case studies principles of making lucerne silage are the as... Hard or frequent grazing should be sown to lucerne, believing that it severely! Protected at all times when cutting or grazing, but with care stand. Of production in the UK careful selection of growers ( mainly arable farmers ) sowing takes with... In your area, check out the Association and between them represent more than 95 % of production in summer... In lambs are achievable with lucerne hay as mulch, P and K should cut.

Asl Sign For Candy, Flight Dispatcher Uk Salary, Car Window Tinting Boston Uk, Nc Substitute Teacher Unemployment, Cheap Apartments In Greensboro, Nc, Scott Toilet Paper - 12 Rolls, Input Tax Credit Calculator,

Comments & Responses

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *