After 11 years, the Portuguese built the Elmina Castle where they stayed and inhabited. Ghana was freed from colonial rule in 1957, following post-WWII strife. c) 1482. The Ghana Society of Radiographers is the sole umbrella professional body for all certified radiographers (diagnostic, therapy and sonographers) in Ghana. He died in office in 2012 and was temporarily replaced by his Vice President John Dramani Mahama, who won the subsequent elections called for by the constitution. After a constitution was drafted for the Second Republic, elections were held in 1969. The Portuguese built slaves on the Gold Coast and during the 16th century, they traded with the native peoples. The beginning of the book talks about Kwame Nkrumahâs birth and early childhood. In the year 1874, the Gold Coast officially became a British colony except for the northern region of Ashanti. It was established in 1986 in accordance with the Professional Bodies Regulatory Decree, NRCD 143 of 1973. The year 1957 marked the independence of the Gold Coast from the British and was known as the Republic of Ghana. Ghana is located in West Africa and is sandwiched between Cote dâIvoire (Ivory Coast) and Togo. Its neighbours are Côte dâIvoire, to the west, Burkina Faso, which lies north, and Togo, to the east. They found it was a rich source of gold. "Historical Background." Much was expected and hoped for from Ghana at independence but like all new countries during the Cold War, Ghana faced immense challenges. He was an experienced politician. /p>, Slave trade was banned in the early 19th century and soon after Britain became the more dominating power in the country. The opposition boycotted the elections, which undercut the triumph. /p>, During the Berlin Conference in 1884, European countries changed the land boundaries in Africa which resulted to having 50 European colonies. There was opposition from the beginning, however. Written by Kojo Osei-Wush. So much so that the area was called the Gold Coast. The Portuguese, the 1st Europeans who came to medieval Ghana, arrived in its coast in 1471. They were tasked with overseeing the work of administrators and ensuring the decentralization of power. BBC News, December 1, 2000. The 1996 elections that followed were deemed free and fair, and Rawlings won those as well. In 2000, the true test of Ghana's fourth republic came. During this brief history of Ghana, education came in form of advice by the experienced and aged elders in the community. They also purged the higher ranks of the military. The Council set up local Provisional Defense Committees (PDC) throughout the country. In 2008, John Atta Mills (Rawlings' former Vice President who had lost to Kufour in the 2000 elections) won the election and became Ghana's next president. Rawlings remained Ghana's head of state for the next 20 years. 7. The modern Republic of Ghana is a democratic nation in West Africa. The First Missionaries were sent as a result of a request â¦ When the government was unable to fix the economy and corruption continued, Rawlings launched a second coup. By the 1960's, tourists began pouring in to see Accra and Ghanaâs coast. Ghana's economic outlook may be mixed, but analysts remain hopeful, pointing to the stability and strength of Ghana's democracy and society. Some key dates in Ghana's history: 1482 - Portuguese settlers arrive and begin trading in gold, ivory and timber with various Akan states. Before the invasion and colonialism of Ghana, the people used traditional methods in giving education to the young generation. The Gold Coast was the first British colony in Africa to become independent. Rawlings made a second, successful coup attempt and overthrew the government. b) Togo. His party worried the project would increase Ghana's dependence rather than lessen it. In 1918, the eastern part of Gold Coast (German Togoland) became officially a part of the country. The history of Ghana, however, dates back ever further to the Sudanic empires of West Africa that controlled the trade in gold and salt to and from the Trans-Saharan trade routes. It was then adopted as the name of the land which was known as Ancient Ghana. Much was also expected of Kwame Nkrumah, the charismatic first President of Ghana. These committees were supposed to create democratic processes at the local level. History of Ghana Education. The History of education in Ghana dates back to 1592. Rawlings' populist touch and charisma won over crowds and he initially enjoyed support. History of Ghana Medieval Ghana (4th - 13th Century): The Republic of Ghana is named after the medieval Ghana Empire of West Africa. Homegoing A Brief History of Ghana and the Gold Coast . The military-police National Liberation Council that took over after the coup promised elections. As the country prepared for elections in 1979, Flight Lieutenant Jerry Rawlings and several other junior officers launched a coup. When push came to shove, however, Rawlings and the PNDC balked at decentralizing too much power. Ghana is mainly flat, but there are hills in the northern part of the country. The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency. Despite Nkrumah's efforts to secure Ghana's energy independence through the Akosambo Dam, electricity remains one of Ghana's hurdles more than 50 years later. Berry, La Verle (Editor). Ghana: A Country Study, U.S. Library of Congress., 1994, Washington. When did Ghana become independent? For the next 25 years, Ghana was typically governed by military rulers with varying economic impacts. Eventually, his economic policies brought improvements, and he is credited with having helped save Ghana's economy from collapse. Ghana's first President, Kwame Nkrumah, was ousted nine years after independence. Rawlings and six other men formed a Provisional National Defense Council (PNDC) with Rawlings as the chair. Acheampong rolled back many of the austerity measures. History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation. The Church of Pentecost, like most great institutions, started in a small way. He was reelected in 2004. Perhaps it is unsurprising, then, that the contentious Union Government proposal passed in a 1978 national referendum. Mike Lawn/Fox Photos/Hulton Archive/Getty Images, Jonathan C. Katzenellenbogen/Getty Images, A Brief History of the African Country of Liberia, Biography of Julius Kambarage Nyerere, Father of Tanzania, Biography of Nicolas Maduro, Embattled President of Venezuela, The History of Modern-Day Myanmar (Burma), The Guatemalan Civil War: History and Impact, Biography of Fulgencio Batista, Cuban President and Dictator, Ph.D., History, University of Michigan - Ann Arbor, M.A., History, University of Michigan - Ann Arbor, B.A./B.S, History and Zoology, University of Florida. Photograph by â¦ Upon settlement, they found huge numbers of gold deposits especially between the rivers of Volta and Ankobra. Among these issues was its economic dependence on the West. After independence, its name changed to Ghana, and the first president was Kwame Nkrumah. When did the Portuguese build Elmina Castle? The empire became known in Europe and Arabia as the Ghana Empire after the title of its Emperor, the Ghana. Soon, Gold Coast became the trade center of European nations. Rawlings was prohibited by term limits from running for President a third time. 1. The facility was built under the administration of Sir Frederick Gordon Guggisberg, then, the Governor of the Gold Coast, as a General Hospital to â¦ The Independence Arch is a symbol of this momentous occasion in the countryâs history. Comparing Ghanaâs educational system to those of other countries on the African coast, it is safe to say that it is among the best. The harsh treatment of dissidents is one of the primary criticisms made of Rawlings, and there was little freedom of the press in Ghana during this time. Although relatively small in area and population, Ghana is one of the leading countries of Africa, partly because of its considerable natural wealth and partly because it was the first black African country south of the Sahara to achieve independence from colonial rule. As a beginning, I present a brief history of Ghana: Modern Ghana in West Africa, takes it name from the ancient kingdom of Ghana, which was approximately 500 miles north of â¦ Ghana is the sub-Saharan African country that gained its independence in 1957. Kufour had run and lost to Rawlings in 1996, and the orderly transition between parties was an important sign of the political stability of Ghana's new republic. The Portuguese reached what is now Ghana in 1471. The Empire appears to have broken up following the 1076 conquest by the Almoravid General Abu-Bakr Ibn-Umar. View Images. A new name of great resonance in African history is adopted - Ghana (although the ancient kingdom of that name was far to the north, in present-day Mali). Push came to power, they found it was also a populist movement much power when the government, were. These Committees were supposed to create democratic processes at the local level rule... 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