Libreville Peace Agreement

The rebels had already insisted that Bozize`s resignation was a precondition for peace and that the president, who took power in a 2003 Coup in Chad, should be before the International Criminal Court. – The units are monitored by the army. Militia members who join these units must “fully” respect the principles of the peace agreement and undergo two months of training. President Bozize has agreed not to run for president after the end of his term (2016), dissolve Parliament and hold new elections within 12 months. On security issues, MICOPAX – an EU-funded peacekeeping mission in the Central African Union – will be responsible for overseeing the withdrawal of all foreign armies that are not members of the ECCAS, mainly the South African contingent. Everyone is now convinced that the Libreville agreement is “the only vital artery for the Central African Republic,” he said. The fact that the people of the Central African Republic and the international community as a whole supported the dialogue gave hope that the new agreement would be put into practice. The signing of the agreement had eased tensions somewhat. His government was committed to monitoring and implementing its recommendations and decisions. The parties have united for national reconciliation. He thanked all those who, despite many challenges, continued to support the search for peace and stability in the Central African Republic.

The agreement, signed in Libreville, Gabon`s capital, after three days of talks between regional neighbors, avoided the biggest threat to President Fran├žois Bozize`s decade as head of France`s mineral-rich former colony. The failure of President Fran├žois Bozize to implement the peace agreements has led to a resurgence of rebel activities. The most recent is the Seleka coalition (i.e. the alliance in Sango, the national language of the Car) which, by the end of December 2012, had conquered 12 cities and put them within reach of Bangui. Their progress was halted only under military and diplomatic pressure from the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS). A peace agreement between the government of the Central African Republic and 14 armed groups, which control most of the country, came into force after the latest signatories colored the document. The French government refused to support the regime, but deployed additional troops, allowing the French army to reach 400 people to protect its citizens and economic interests in Bangui. Peace talks were held from 8 to 11 January 2013 in the Gabonese capital, Libreville. Seleka, a coalition of five different rebel groups, launched its insurgency in early December, accusing Bozize of abandoning a 2007 peace deal to provide jobs and money to insurgents who have made their weapons. All indications are that the resumption of hostilities is the most likely outcome, unless all parties to the January 2013 Libreville Agreement, their guarantors and Central African civil society commit to the lasting political problems of the Central African hand, renew dialogue on outstanding issues and develop a clear implementation plan.